GRUB Error Fix and Rescue for Linux and Windows (XP/Vista/7/8): Grub Rescue While Partitioning a Drive, Reinstall GRUB and Restore Windows (XP/7/8) for the Message in GRUB “Unknown Filesystem”

To start with Reinstall the GRUB.

For this you need an UBUNTU live cd or UBUNTU image on a pendrive.

a. insert the cd or pendirive, restart the pc and select the boot unit as pedrive/cd

For Ubuntu grub rescue take after these steps:

Get More details with graphical interface on visit tech blog of GRUB Error Fix and Rescue for  Linux and Windows (XP/Vista/7/8)

In short the steps are as bellows

1.Boot from the Ubuntu Desktop live CD.

2.In Live Desktop session open terminal.
Application ->Accessories->Terminal.

3. In Terminal tpye sudo fdisk -l
It will display all partiton of the disk.

4. Mount the ubuntu partition drive
sudo mount /dev/sdXX /mnt(example ‘sudo mount /dev/sda11 /mnt’ ,don’t miss the spaces.)

5.Only if you have a separate boot partition:
sudo mount /dev/sdYY /mnt/boot.

6. Mount the virtual filesystems:
sudo mount –bind /dev /mnt/dev
sudo mount –bind /proc /mnt/proc
sudo mount –bind /sys /mnt/sys

7. To ensure that only the grub utilities from the LiveCD get executed, mount /usr
sudo mount –bind /usr/ /mnt/usr
sudo chroot /mnt

8. If there is no /boot/grub/grub.cfg or it’s not correct, create one using
or update-grub2

9.Now reinstall Grub
grub-install /dev/sdX(eg. grub-install/dev/sdaDo not specify the partition number.

10. Verify the install
sudo grub-install –recheck /dev/sdX

11. Exit chroot : CTRL-D on keyboard.

12. Unmount virtual filesystems:
sudo umount /mnt/dev
sudo umount /mnt/proc
sudo umount /mnt/sys

If you mounted a separate /boot partition:
sudo umount /mnt/boot

13. Unmount the LiveCD’s /usr directory:
sudo umount /mnt/usr

14. Unmount last device:
sudo umount /mnt
15. Reboot.
sudo reboot.

This should reinstall your grab, but you might not see the windows menu right now
what your need to do is as following
from your terminal

1. sudo apt-get install os-prober
2. sudo update-grub
3. reboot
sudo reboot

Hope it will restore your windows name in boot menu.